Hyderabad based Aster Prime Hospital has enrolled patients for a multi-center global study involving nearly 50 countries under the project called CANTOS trial. This project is being conducted to study the role of anti – inflammatory agents that can counter fatal heart conditions like stroke and heart attacks. These fatal conditions are created by blocked arteries and this is termed as atherosclerosis. This study was published in August 27 issue of New England Journal of Medicine and simultaneously presented at the European Society of Cardiology, Barcelona.
What is revolutionary in CANTOS?
It has been common knowledge for decades that one way to reduce heart attack is to keep his cholesterol levels low. But that is only part of the story. About half of the heart attacks happen to those who have considered normal levels of cholesterol. Trials showed that even people who do not have high cholesterol levels benefit from cholesterol lowering statin drugs. Another effect of statins is to reduce inflammation, the suspicion has been that this is the protection is coming from. But the cholesterol lowering properties of statins have made it impossible to isolate this effect.
Cantos looked at inflammation alone as a cause for heart attacks because Canakinumab reduces only inflammation and not cholesterol levels. Dr Paul Ridker of Massachusetts General Hospital Boston was the principal investigator for this study. Patients who received 150mg dose of this medicine had a15% lesser chance of developing heart attack/ stroke. In addition there was a reduction of death from various cancers.
Why CANTOS is important?
This is a new way of treating coronary artery disease inhibiting inflammation. The medication Canakinumab is a new type of medicine called monoclonal antibody. The only down side of this study was there were significantly more deaths from infection among those who received Canakinumab.
With this study, doctors at Aster Prime Hospital are now well versed in administering new anti-inflammatory therapies to patients. As per Dr. C. Raghu, Director & Senior Interventional Cardiologist, Aster Prime Hospital Hyderabad, “Current pharmaceutical interventions are designed to slow the progression of atherosclerosis and focus only on reducing cholesterol. However, studies have reveled additional role of inflammation in atherosclerosis. Therefore, it becomes imperative for medical researchers to explore relevant and critical anti – inflammatory agents that can reduce and counter atherosclerosis. Aster Prime is proud to participate in this international study and we look forward to achieving some path breaking results that can change the landscape of atherosclerosis therapies.”
About Aster Prime Hospitals
Aster Prime Hospitals is a chain of Super -Specialty Hospitals with departments like Emergency Care, Cardiac Procedures, Orthopedics & Joint Replacements, Neuro Care, Diagnostic and Interventional Services, Women’s Services and many more. As one of the leading healthcare providers in this part of the country, patients at Aster Prime Hospitals receive advanced diagnosis and treatment for the most acute clinical conditions. With an aim to provide ethical care to patients while allowing specialists to practice in a comfortable environment, Aster Prime Hospitals strives to offer best-in-class technology and facilities on par with international standards to ensure world-class healthcare to all the patients.